The history and culture of the city of Bogotá are extensive. Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, a Spanish conquistador, built it in 1538, and it immediately rose to prominence as a major hub for trade and business. Bogotá hosted several significant political occasions in the 19th century, notably the declaration of Colombian independence in 1810. Bogotá is a bustling, international metropolis today. There are numerous museums, theatre’s, and other cultural attractions there. The city serves as a significant hub for business and commerce and is where some global companies have their corporate offices. La Candelaria, the city's historic core, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It has colonial-style buildings, cobblestone streets, and quaint stores and eateries. Monserrate, a mountain that overlooks Bogotá, is a well-liked tourist site because of its breath-taking views of the city. Visitors can ride a funicular railway to the mountain's peak. The Museo del Oro museum is one of the most significant of its kind in the world since it houses a collection of pre-Columbian gold artefacts. Park Parque Simón Bolvar is a well-liked destination for both locals and visitors. There are numerous attractions there, such as a lake, a botanical park, and a concert venue.